Computing technology is shifting to an entirely new age of the Internet of Things (IoT) that will change almost every aspect of how people view and apply the latest technologies. Altogether, machines are intelligently interacting with other smart machines, smart buildings and infrastructure that is comprised of intelligent systems, and humans are reaching out to smart devices and computers to perform their daily activities and tasks. From this approach, the IoT is a universal network of smart appliances that will relate to every facet of ones lifestyle through making their day-day tasks efficient as well as improving their quality. As such, this system encompasses communication of smart entities in the real world and enhanced intelligent sensors joined to these bodies, and it is connected to the global web through wireless and cabled network architecture. Therefore, the applications of IoT technology are extensive, with a high potential of enhancing ones life via the creation of intelligent cities, smart medical care quality, smart government services, intelligent transportation networks, and smart e-learning services.
Keywords: IoT, smart machines, intelligent systems, intelligent cities, sensors
Internet is making a significant advancement in the global sector. It has paved a way for many digital evolutions, including real-time information interchange, smart devices connection, knowledge sharing, wireless communication, web broadcasting, and most importantly, the IoT technology. Notably, the IoT automation is becoming essential for the contemporary science because it appears to be an absolute technology that guarantees an intelligent life by supporting smart interactivity of objects/things, machines, and every smart device with human beings (Vermesan & Friess, 2013). Therefore, the IoT is a liberal technology and logic system that utilizes networking, actuators, intelligent sensors, and expert system mechanism to provide comprehensive systems output for a service. It is, thus, crucial to outline IoT technology, general uses of this technology, and the benefits it will present to the global industry with the aim of improving the human experience.
Description of IoT
The IoT systems constitute smart hardware that wirelessly controls essential automation tasks and functions. The intelligent equipment within this technology comprises a cloud dashboard, remote control appliances, remote servers, routing components, remote sensors, and physical actuators. These hardware instruments initiate and handle primary activities, including system load, action designations, system defense activation, device communication, and error-detection to provide distinct end-user goals and behavioral actions (Tripathy & Anuradha, 2017). Notably, the digital sensors are the most crucial hardware appliances in the IoT system. These instruments involve power storage modules, energy control units, sensing devices and radio frequency (RF) components. The RF units oversee data interchange via signal processing, radio receiver, Wi-Fi, and using Bluetooth communication. Moreover, the sensing devices create the perception that demonstrates an absolute awareness of the real world and persons in it. For instance, the IoT consolidates various sensors such as accelerometers that sense surrounding temperature, gyroscope detectors, which detect images, humidity detectors, and acoustic detectors (Elk, 2016). The IoT physical components also constitute smart wearable gears such as smart watches, glasses, wristbands, and helmets. Thereupon, aside from assisting the users to get connected, these wearable electronics provide unlimited access to IoT services required for enhanced productivity.
Another principal component of the IoT system is the software. This part manages important sections of networking and behaviors via the utilization of smart platforms, integrated applications, middleware, and accomplice systems. It is necessary to note that the data collection software of IoT oversees the sensing activity, data analytics, light data assortment, light data protection, and data aggregation (Tripathy & Anuradha, 2017). In order to execute this operation, the IoT application programs assemble data from many smart appliances and convey it according to the user prompt. Moreover, the software applications within IoT exploit reverse engineering mechanism to transmit data over intelligent components efficiently. Thus, the data aggregation program within IoT systems broadcasts the entire gathered data to a central remote server.
Software device integration merges all application devices in order to develop an IoT system body. These program devices have a dependent relationship that provides the needed cooperation and substantial interactivity between things within the IoT network. Since these intelligent items are linked to each other to form the IoT structural system, they are the most crucial program technology of the IoT system (Vermesan & Bacquet, 2017). Additionally, if the program device integration drops out of the IoT design, then this automation ceases to be an IoT system. Another software that plays a vital role within the IoT network is the real-time analytics (RTA) application program. Apparently, they are involved in collecting useful data from different smart devices and processing them into feasible actions (Elk, 2016). The users can also assemble, synthesize, and refine the data for evaluation. Accordingly, the RTA application programs assess gathered information pursuant to various configurations and IoT designs so that the related smart devices can support the critical tasks needed by the service industry.
Essential Uses of IoT Technology
The integration of IoT electronics helps to manage and oversee sophisticated mechanical systems in industries, building infrastructure and engineering sector in order to promote efficiency and operation safety. The smart lighting utilizes ambient environment based-conversion. They also employ cyberspace and smartphone applications, which communicate remotely to the primary server as well as web-connected lights. Moreover, the manufacturing sector uses connected smart machinery such as intelligent robots for moving, placing, and packaging goods in an orderly manner (Zeinab & Elmustafa, 2017). Smart alarm and surveillance appliances are a significant part of security systems in the modern business enterprises to detect any strange activities and report them to the manager.
Government and safety operations use IoT systems to boost law enforcement, improve peoples safety, support urban planning, and sustain economic control. The intelligent things can facilitate security via gathering accurate information concerning how adequately public workers, programs, and state laws are resolving mission challenges in real-time situations. For example, the American government has implemented a smart city concept and intelligent parking in the State of Deloitte, which concentrates on strengthening peoples services and improving the road safety standards (Meyers, Niech, & Eggers, 2015). Since the human life is valuable, it is crucial to warn the citizens about any potential danger. From this strategy, the American state has initiated a life-saving project in Los Angeles designed to notify its residents about a probable earthquake outbreak before it happens (Harbert, 2017). They are devising a sensor-based IoT application developed for users smartphones in order to alert people of this catastrophe and, therefore, save human lives.
The IoT technology offers a personalized experience for residential homes and corporate agencies and improves overall services. The integration of smart things on the web will enhance user satisfaction, boost productivity, and strengthen peoples wellness and safety. The home usage of IoT components such as intrusion detection systems, smart TVs, wearable, intelligent devices, and smartphones also promotes both home and departmental services along with improving personal satisfaction (Zeinab & Elmustafa, 2017). Thus, IoT system links intelligent appliances that manage and control home-to-office-based activities remotely.
The application of IoT automation has contributed towards the improvement of therapeutic services in the medical and health care industries. With the intelligent appliances and mobile medical apps, patients are able to send their symptomatology via their wearable devices to the nearby healthcare center for medical analysis along with their sensory equipment. The IoT usage in the medicinal field entails remote health check-up, emergency alert systems, drug take reminder, real-time infant care, and wearable health IoT equipment (Bandyopadhyay & Sen, 2011). Therefore, the incorporation of these smart electronics guarantees more certainty of patients health assessment, immediate practitioner-patients response, and consistency in therapeutic research progression.
The Benefits that IoT Will Present
Implementation of IoT will create smart cities through intelligent grid establishment, data analytics integration, and autonomous vehicles adoption. This smart infrastructure will offer an intelligent base to exploit innovations in power control, traffic monitoring, citizen safety and health, and apportioning the gains that this technology presents with other smart people (Kashyap, 2016). Moreover, by merging all compatible systems, for instance, medical systems, automobile systems, railway networks, aircraft system, and weather management systems in citified areas, the urban areas will become intelligent via IoTs.
The IoT advancement will hasten the access to education services and facilitate smart healthcare quality. Since the need for healthcare is a crucial issue, linked smart electronics will help alleviate this problem through providing limitless e-medical services, which will promote healthcare access. These connected intelligent devices will also support effective management of chronic ailments and elderly-associated health conditions in the healthcare centers and homes (Kashyap, 2016). With these practices, IoT will boost therapeutic care and patients life quality, while at the same time decreasing the challenges related to the manual healthcare system. Regarding education improvement, mobile-enabled smart technologies will adjust the learning process to meet the requirements of individual students. They will also enhance students overall skills connecting online and physical lectures in order to create accessible and interactive learning.
At the same time, the IoT progression in the transportation field will create smart transportation network and locomotion. For this benefit to be experienced, transportation analytics, transportation management, and autonomous vehicle integration conceptions are crucial for the sensory devices of the motion objects (Zeinab & Elmustafa, 2017). In doing so, the IoT system will consolidate control, data synthesis, and information exchange across different transportation systems by creating a smart connection between intelligent users and autonomous automobile. With this criterion, the IoT will be essential for intelligent traffic monitoring, smart vehicle parking, road management and safety, and e-toll management system.
The application of IoT system is important to the global sector since it offers virtual technology that creates a smart life by enabling collaboration of intelligent things with people. In IoT network, the interactivity of intelligent applications constitutes connection of smart entities to the operational sensors that are linked to the worldwide Internet to perceive the environmental changes and alert the connected people through their intelligent, smart devices. The primary items that constitute this technology are remote control devices, remote web-servers, routing devices, actuators, and intelligent digital sensors. Software device integration, data assortment software programs, and RTA application programs are other essential peripherals of IoT software. Therefore, the utilization of IoT systems will create smart homes, intelligent cities, smart government, smart medical services, intelligent transport systems, and intelligent process industry to the modern globe.