Moving from One Instrument to a Symphony Orchestra
Moving from One Instrument to a Symphony Orchestra
Playing the musical instrument is a hard but amazing process that raises the wave of emotions in a listener. Consequently, it is not hard to imagine which effect has the symphony orchestra that produces beautiful polyphony of sounds with the help of numerous instruments. The music has a magnificent influence not only on the emotions of a person but also on human health. There are numerous stories of people who claim that they have been successfully treated with the help of the classic music, which has balanced their emotional condition. The successfully composed score can tell the story penetrating into the deeper corners of the human sole. Thus, sounding of one instrument is like a river of energy that fills the person with the emotions, while the combination of the instruments in the symphony orchestra is like an ocean of power that treats by creating the specific atmosphere full of colorful and bright tones.
Effect of Symphony Orchestras Instruments
Music plays a significant role in the life of all people and helps to keep the brain healthy. PhD John Dani (2005) asserts that it engages every major part of the central nervous system touching both left and right sides of the brain (12). The numerous healthcare experts insist that while playing a musical instrument one can significantly improve the work of the brain (Sloboda, 2005). Besides, listening of the music can help to modify the mood and even save the person from depression (Sloboda, 2005). Thus, a single instrument as well as a symphonic orchestra can crucially influence both, physical condition of the individual who plays the instrument and psychological condition of the one who listens to classical music.
The clinicians also identified that listening to a symphony orchestra raises more emotions than listening to a single instrument because of the variety of sounds. While listening to symphonic music people often experience emotions, which are new to them. The combination of sounds numerous musical instruments produce while performing a classical piece of music penetrates into the deeper corners of the persons soul (Sloboda, 2005). Thus, the real power of the symphonic orchestra comes from the effective combination of different groups of instruments that strengthen the effect the music has on the listener (Sloboda, 2005). However, the orchestras performance may start from the sound of one instrument which is further followed by the rest of the orchestra instruments. This technique helps to transfer the listeners to the other reality and increases the power the music has over human emotions.
Instruments of the Symphonic Orchestra
In the symphonic orchestra, the instruments are grouped in the several families basing on the way the instruments influence the overall polyphony. Such families are very powerful comparing with the sound of one instrument because their powerful sound evoke more strong emotions in listener (Jukka, & Tapio, 2010). For example, the orchestra can systematically increase the effect through adding the instruments of one group to each other or applying the sharp transfer from play of single instrument to the whole group (Jukka, & Tapio, 2010). Such approach helps to express all palette of feelings and modify the listeners mood. There are four families of instruments namely, strings, brass, woodwinds, and percussion (Jukka, & Tapio, 2010). The Figure 1 describes setting up of the instruments.
Strings are the most frequently used instruments; this group includes viola, violin, double string bass, and cello. All these instruments are made of wood that helps to create the resounding sound. The sound also depends on the thickness and coat of the instrument (Jukka, & Tapio, 2010). Thus, every single instrument of this family sounds in the different way but in combination, they form the unique single tone with different intonations.
Another family of instruments are woodwinds. Despite the instruments are named as wooden they can be constructed from plastic, metal, or other materials (Jukka, & Tapio, 2010). All these instruments have a tube form and keys.
The brass instruments are usually long pipes that have different shapes for more easy play. The majority of instruments of this family have the attached valves to support the creation of low sounds and to choose the pitch from a line of harmonics or overtones (Jukka, & Tapio, 2010). Of course, every person has individual tastes in music, but it is hard to find many people who would like to listen one of the instruments that belongs to the woodwinds or brass (Jukka, & Tapio, 2010). Only the combination of such instruments in the definite family can bring real pleasure because of the combination of the number of different tones.
The next family is a percussion family that provides the number of textures, rhythms, and tone colours to the orchestral music (Jukka, & Tapio, 2010). These instruments include triangle, timpani, gong, and piano. The sounds of this family include scraping, shaking, and striking (Jukka, & Tapio, 2010). The strength of the sound can be also supported by the use of the untuned instruments that produce the sounds similar to hitting of metals or wooden parts (Jukka, & Tapio, 2010). Such peculiarities make the play of symphonic orchestra significantly differ from the sound of one instrument because of creation of more rich composition. It is almost impossible to represent to the auditory so wide palette of sounds using only one instrument.
The Conductor as a Core of the Symphonic Orchestra
Playing the musical instrument, the person performs simultaneously two roles a musician and a conductor. Thus, he/she can improvise during the play changing the melody and character of the composition (Battisti, 2007). In symphony orchestra, the situation is more complicated and requires the planed actions of every participant that are governed by the definite person conductor. Consequently, the conductor guides the interpreting of music (Battisti, 2007). Some people underestimate the work of a conductor and regard it like a number of silly gestures. However, the contribution of the skillful conductor is close to the work of the composer because of the necessity to understand deeper the score (Battisti, 2007). Using the gestures, the conductor communicates with the orchestra and interprets the music to it. To prepare the score, it is important to study thoroughly every single aspect beginning with the dynamics and ending with the tempo. The orchestra and the conductor become one unit to make the right sound that is why it is impossible to regard symphonic orchestra separately from the conductor (Battisti, 2007). The conductor indicates the right tempo, shades of the sound and the mood that the composition should express. The orchestra without the conductor will not sound in the right way because in case one of the participants forgets or changes one note, all the other members will be confused and the melody will be changed. Despite the group sound, every instrument in the symphony orchestra is like a separate human organ whose injury can negatively influence functioning of all organism. Thus, the conductor supports this delicate link between all instruments of the orchestra (Battisti, 2007). The cooperation of the conductor and the symphonic orchestra reminds the nonverbal form of communication.
To understand the cooperation of the symphonic orchestra and the conductor, it is important to review the video that represents conducting of Haydns 88th Symphony (Battisti, 2007). The core of the video is the masterful cooperation that numerous spectators accepted like a silly movements, dances, and smiles. Meanwhile, that was the way the conductor demonstrated the orchestra what character each passage should express (Battisti, 2007). The play on the single instrument also can evoke emotions in a listener but duration of the effect is much lower and only the combination of instruments from different families can raise a wave of feelings (Battisti, 2007).
The analysis of the role of one single instrument and the whole orchestra proves that all the instruments are constituent parts of the whole unity despite of ability to sound successfully separately. One instrument brings river of emotions when the whole orchestra overwhelms by the ocean of feelings. Both, a single instrument and a symphonic orchestra express the emotions and the character of the melody, but only the latter one is able to create a polyphony of sounds that are united in a beautiful symphony. Besides, there are some instruments that do not sound perfect separately but the combination of such instruments from the same family results to a strong and beautiful sound. The conductor plays a crucial role in the performance of an orchestra; makes all the instruments sound in line with the score and convey the emotions the composer aimed to express through music. Thus, the role of every single instrument in the symphony orchestra is crucial and the main aspect is to guide every player in the right direction.