Evaluation Of Environmental Technology Journal
Evaluation Of Environmental Technology Journal
The purpose of this memorandum is to evaluate the recent, peer-reviewed journal for its readability and scientific reasoning.
In the article, the Public Utilities Board Singapore (PUBS) projects an execution of the smart water grid (SWG) system in its bid to supply sufficient amount of quality water to its clients in Singapore. The study appeared online in July 2016 in a peer-reviewed scholarly journal, Smart Water, under the name of a well-known academic publisher, Springer. The PUB (2016) deploys the analytic equipment and sensors to ensure proper decision-making and evaluation support. Unlike other water projects, the SWG is hailed for promoting the efficient generation of ecological water supply in Singapore and the proximity regions. The article explains five fundamental aspects of water distribution, including leak management, asset management, water conservation and quality monitoring, as well as automatic meter reading. In addition, the article discusses the challenges, identifies the gaps, along with current technology and technical roadmap necessary for practical implementation and use of the SWG.
Analysis of Readability
The PUB (2016) uses several means to ensure that the document is well understood by the target audience who are Singaporeans in particular as specified in the content. Besides, the author presents the ideas in a concise and captivating manner that attracts wider readership as quality water supply is a common concern worldwide. The article has straightforward and brief sentences to make all paragraphs succinct and to the point while reading. Moreover, the PUBS employs artistic methodologies throughout the article. The arguments are generated philosophically denoting that the power of critical thinking has been widely employed in the text. This is opposed to other authors who tend to base their rationales on real science only as scientific methods are pervasive in their presentation.
The article is written in a way that it is easy to read and understandable. The PUB establishes the credibility of its arguments by overview of the well-reasoned anticipated outcomes following the implementation of the WSD. Moreover, maps, pictures and figures are conspicuously used to enhance the rhetorical explanations of the author. Readers find it easier to comprehend the content through visual means rather than texts only. Accordingly, it is most likely that the rhetorical presentation of the concept of Smart Water Grid system supplements the textual information thereby capturing the attention of many readers. Mere words cannot explain the map of water wise sensors in Singapore. Henceforth, the use map is vital in making the readers understand the system in action. Furthermore, the PUBS uses short and concise sentences that are easily understood so that the information is conveyed to the audience aptly and across the disciplines. Finally, the article is versatile and available in numerous modes of reading. Therefore, the reference to distinct means of information delivery also enhances the subsequent readability of the article.
Analysis of Scientific Methodologies
The article employs several methods of rhetorical analysis to synthesize information in a manner which any reader would understand while still making the content a scientific text. Rhetoric question, suspense, coincidences are merely among the many tactics adopted to clearly present the information. Besides, the study analyzes the functionality of SWG system. Therefore, utilization of a testable question and empiricism as the key rhetorical means allowed emphasizing the validity of the scientific nature of the study.
Testable question. Primarily, the article contains the hypothesis that is focused on projections of some benefits associated with the implementation of the SWGS. First, the author envisages the instantaneous appraisal of the conditions of the facilities used for water distribution. The active supervision of the system facilitates the enhancement of sustainability as the PUBS projects minimal water loss due to the predicted and prevented leakages. Furthermore, the author emphasizes the improved responsibility concerning the water and energy use because of reference to an automated meter reading. All these assumptions are valid and testable to ensure achieving the expected outcomes in the implementation of the project based on well-explained details of the article.
The author observes population growth in Singapore that translates into the increased demand for water supply. However, the water infrastructures could not contain the growing population. In this context, the article pays attention to the fact that the Water Supply Network (WSN) can experience such issues as water leakages, ineffective quality water checks, and water reading, along with ineffectiveness because of traditional means of the operationalization of the processes. Therefore, the author observes a gap in embracing the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the distribution of water.
Empiricism. The study also involved experimentation, which is a vital process of proving the validity of the scientific knowledge presented in the article. Specifically, this factor aligns the theoretical background with practical evidence on the topic. For instance, the WSN collaborated with laboratories to facilitate the collection of information on the pipelines. The tests on corroded pipes offered insight into the similarly corroded pipelines. Besides, the tests on the soil composition are useful to understand soil corrosiveness in determining pipe condition. A database of soil data will also be built to develop a corrosion model that considers soil corrosiveness when determining pipeline conditions.
Furthermore, the data collected was analyzed and interpreted according to the scientific methodologies to depict the significance, relevance and effects of the project. The data gathered were analyzed scientifically using a decision support system, such as predictive hydraulic, modeling, valve operation and demand prediction modeling analysis of pipeline failure. This factor enabled the researcher to make valid and credible inferences about the project outcomes. The diverse modes of analyzing the data are conventionally embraced as they are proven to provide meaningful and useful results and conclusions. In addition, there was replication in terms of data collection and analysis based on the previous studies in the field, which endured the validity of the data collected.
Moreover, the PUBS conforms to the principle of dissemination of findings. The author shares the results with the public thereby providing an expansive reference ground for the other study activities for comparison purposes. Distribution of results makes the science universal. The author also encourages the reproduction of the work with proper reference to the source to safeguard the copyright and patent rights. Moreover, the article acknowledges the contribution of other sources of information, such as the recognition for Junns (2016) contribution to the use of SWG devices in Yuhua.
Finally, the article recommends a particular course of action for each aspect of SWG system for the adoption of real-time methods of sensing and analytical tools for improved water supply to the public (PUBS, 2016). Accordingly, the author welcomes other individuals perceptions of the significance of the projects involving not only the Singaporean communities but also the neighboring ones as well as the projected effects on the future generations.
The author applied rhetorical means well enough to ensure that the well-reasoned information is delivered to the intended audience in a persuasive manner. On the other hand, the sufficient use of rhetorical and artistic methods in the article also plays a useful role in executing the purpose of the study. The PUBs prudent decision to share the information and making the document open to the public also improves the chances of sharing of ideas and attracts criticism from some readers.