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Criminology Free Essay

Gangland: Hells Angels

  • The Hells Angels Motorcycle Club is known to be an international motorcycle group where all their members are seen riding Harley-Davidson motorcycles. This team can be taken as an organized crime gang by the Department of Justice in U.S. The Hells Angels Motorcycle Organization is known as the Hells Angels. Other common names given to this club include H.A, Red & White, and others. (Stout, 2015).
  • A great number of police and worldwide intelligence organizations have classified this group to be among the big four motorcycle gangs. Their members are usually involved in extensive, intense crimes, which include drug smuggling, blackmailing and trafficking of stolen goods. They are also known for trading in prostitution. Participants of the organization have unceasingly affirmed that they are merely a gang of motorcycle fanatics who have come together to ride bikes together, organize social occasions, for instance, parties, group road excursions, motorcycle rallies and fundraisers. They claim that amenability for any crimes that are associated with them lies on the club members who did it on a personal basis, but not on the group as a whole. Associates of this gang have been suspected of many felonies and have been held to account in several countries because of the crimes committed (Stout, 2015).
  • In other sources, it is claimed that the group in San Francisco was structured by Rocky Graves, a member of this group from San Bernardino. It is implied that Frisco gangs were informed enough of their lineages. This group was restructured by thirteen privileged participants, including Frank Sadilek as a Head, and was then using the minor original logo (Stout, 2015).
  • The groups are often shown in semi-mythical idealistic style like the 19th-century James-Younger Gang. They are driven with brotherhood, are free-spirited, loyal and iconic. At times, the groups are seen as violent and revolutionary, a little more than just a fierce illegal gang, and are considered to be a scourge on society (Stout, 2015).
  • The group became known and developed its infamy as a part of the 1960s counterculture association that existed in San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury, taking a part at a number of the movement’s influential occasions. Participants were directly subordinated to several counterculture’s leaders (Stout, 2015).
  • The gang was in the center of an ethical panic in Canada associating with the public, media, law enforcement agencies and politicians who were to sensationalize the significance of isolated criminal actions.
  • For one to become a Hells Angels affiliate, a candidate has to have a legal driver’s license, own a motorcycle that is over 750cc, and possess the right combination of particular qualities. The club excludes those who has applied to become prison officer or police officers and child molesters (Stout, 2015).
  • For one to be accepted as a full member of the group, he/she has to be elected unanimously by the rest of the full gang participants. Before the initiation is held, a message is sent to each subunit to introduce the candidate to each full-patch participant of the club. The process allows every voting member to become conversant with the theme and to be ready to answer any questions of any concern before the voting procedure. After that, some form of official initiation follows. The ultimate logo patch is then given at this introduction ceremony. The process of achieving total membership is also known as the process of patching (Stout, 2015).

Gangland: Bandidos

  • The Bandidos Motorcycle Club, which is also called the Bandido Nation, is a one-percenter motorcycle club and is an organized crime association of international scope. The organization was initiated by Don Chambers in 1966 in Texas City. The motto used by this gang is “We are the people our parents warned us about.” It is approximated that currently the group has around 2,400 participants in 210 units situated in 22 states. The Bandidos considers themselves to be a fugitive motorcycle club. The Criminal Intelligence Service Canada (CIS) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) have termed the Bandidos group as the fugitive motorcycle gang (Arvast, 2012).
  • The Bandidos were established in March, 1966, by a 36-year-old dockworker Donald Chambers, who, by that time, was living in Houston, Texas. He gave a name to the club in honor of the Mexican outlaws who existed according to their individual rules. Chambers enlisted members who came from the local biker bars in the city of Houston as well as in the city of San Antonio, Corpus Christi and Galveston. Just like other fugitive motorcycle clubs, they called themselves one-percenter. This phrase originated from the former head of the American Motorcyclist club who once said that ninety-nine percent of motorcyclists were law-abiding nationalists while one percent was known to be fugitives (Arvast, 2012).
  • The gang has been in a continuous struggle with other similar groups as they have different beliefs. This has resulted in a great war between different gangs. For instance, in 2002, a member of this group was shot and injured by Michael Christiansen and Sean Waygood belonging to Anthony “Rooster” Perish’s criminal network in the city of Haymarket in New South Wales. Another Bandido participant Ross Brand was massacred and his associate wounded by rival Agitators motorcycle club that was led by John Russell Bedson. In 2012, the gang member Jacques Teamo, accompanied by an acquitted female bystander, got multiple gunshot injuries from a rival group member at the Robina Town Centre along the Gold Coast (Arvast, 2012).
  • There was also a drug and turf war amid the Bandidos and Hells Angels, which was referred to as the Great Nordic Biker War that erupted in 1993 and lasted till 1997. It led to the killing of eleven members, seventy-four assassination attempts and ninety-six injured members of the participating biker clubs. By then, in Denmark, there was a law that was enacted in response to the biker conflict forbidding biker clubs from possessing or hiring property for their club events. This law was later canceled basing on constitutional settings (Arvast, 2012).
  • On January 14, 2009, the President of Swedish gang Mehdi Seyyed was imprisoned for nine years basing on two assassination attempts committed by him. He blew up two cars in the city of Gothenburg, in September 2006, with the use of hand grenades. It was the act of revenge as the victims had formerly attested against him. Four other members of this gang were sentences shorter for their participation in the attacks (Arvast, 2012).
  • Since the formation of Bandidos motorcycle club in the Netherlands, it has continually been under a constant surveillance by the Dutch law executors. Predominantly, the unit in the state of Limburg was under police investigation a number of times. This was caused with the fact that soon after the commencement, there were two attacks with explosives on the family of the local head Harrie Ramakers, numerous conflicts with another motorcycle group The Hell’s Angels, and other incidents. The head of this gang Ramakers is furthermore suspected in a number of murders (Arvast, 2012).

Inside Bloods and Crips LA Gangs Documentary

The Bloods is mainly the African-American street group that was founded in Los Angeles, US. The gang is extensively known for its enmity with the Crips. The group is famous for the red clothes worn by its members and for individual gang symbols, which include unique hand signs. The Bloods also consists of various sub-groups, which are called sets, between which substantial variations exist. For example, their operations, colors, political ideas and clothing can be different and they can even be in open confrontation with each other. With time, the Bloods groups have spread out across the entire territory of the United States.

The Crips, in their turn, is also a fundamentally African-American group. It was organized in Los Angeles, US, as well, in the year 1969 by Raymond Stanley Williams and Washington. It began as a single association between the two independent gangs and now is a loosely linked network of individual sets, usually engaged in an open conflict with each another.

The Bloods and the Crips groups, who were already in charge of the region, were the distributors of drugs. This resulted in the Watt Housing Project turning into open-air drug trafficking markets. The Bloods street gang was originally founded so as to offer its members protection from the already existing group the Crips. The two gangs were consistently fighting with each other for the supremacy in the region. The groups are known to be involved in murders, drug dealing, robberies, among other illegal actions. The gangs gain their income by committing various criminal offences like the distribution and trafficking of drugs and supplying of drugs into prison, among others. The group members are involved in other countless criminal undertakings.

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